BRCA2 gene is located on chromosome 13q12 and also classified as a tumour suppressor gene; though shares no homology with the BRCA1 gene. However, it can bind with BRCA1 to participate in DNA damage response pathway. BRCA2 protein functions as a mediator of the core mechanism of homologous recombination. Its mutations are linked to breast carcinomas that are ER and PR positive. Though rarely associated with basal-like phenotype but still linked to a higher grade (II or III) when compared to age-matched sporadic cases
It is also suggested that there is an interaction between hormone levels and eating at different points in the female menstrual cycle . Research has predicted increased emotional eating during hormonal flux, which is characterized by high progesterone and estradiol levels that occur during the mid- luteal phase . It is hypothesized that these changes occur due to brain changes across the menstrual cycle that are likely a genomic effect of hormones. These effects produce menstrual cycle changes, which result in hormone release leading to behavioral changes, notably binge and emotional eating. These occur especially prominently among women who are genetically vulnerable to binge eating phenotypes.