Though the film very purposefully sidesteps politics, Fogel says you can’t help but see connections between the Russian doping scandal and Putin’s denial of mounting evidence that his government meddled in the 2016 . election. “When have we ever seen Russia admit to anything?” he says. In the case of the doping scandal, Fogel adds, the denial comes in spite of a “pile of evidence so big that this is literally the equivalent of walking through Auschwitz and Birkenau, and then looking someone in the eye and saying the Holocaust didn’t happen.”
Athletes may obtain banned medicines from physicians, pharmacists, retail outlets, health and lifestyle magazines, gymnasiums, coaches, family members, fellow athletes, the internet and the black market. Many GPs may prescribe unwittingly for what they trust is a genuine , 14 & 16 With the banning of amphetamine, those prone to doping turned to over-the-counter (OTC) medicines containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine and phenylpropanolamine, available for purchase in community pharmacies. Banned drugs, including anabolic steroids, are widely advertised in lifestyle magazines and gymnasiums and there are no controls on mail order and internet sales.